previously reported that MASM.EXE version 1.00, a program published in 1981 by Microsoft and IBM for MS-DOS, hangs or exits when run with some precise free memory amounts. We showed that this is due to a signedness error in the stack setup code emitted by the compiler. All other programs built by the same compiler are potentially affected by this bug.
Detect It Easy version 1.01 says that IBM MASM.EXE version 1.00 would have been emitted by the IBM Pascal Compiler, but misdetect the version number as being 2.00 (1987).
IBM programming languages for the PC were licensed from Microsoft to IBM.
Reading the startup code emitted by the IBM Personal Computer Pascal Compiler 1.00 published in 1981, 2.00 and 2.02 (1984-1987), they are not the same as the startup code of MASM.EXE 1.00.
According to Tim Paterson, original author of MS-DOS, MASM 1.00 was written in Pascal by Microsoft's programmer Marc McDonald:
MASM.EXE 1.00 could have been cross compiled from DEC computers, since the first IBM Personal Computer was announced on August 12, 1981 and was merely a prototype when Microsoft programmers were writing its software.MASM was written in Pascal by Marc McDonald (Microsoft employee #1, after Bill & Paul). Microsoft had been doing all their development on DEC computers, and the macro capability put in MASM was modeled after DEC assemblers. Because MASM was such a large macro assembler, one of the guys referred to it as "McDonald's big mac".
Interestingly, the IBM PC Pascal Compiler version 1.00 (PAS1.EXE and PAS2.EXE) has neither the same startup code as MASM.EXE, neither the same bug (it has another bug, however this is another story). This startup code shows that the Pascal compiler could have been compiled by itself.
- MASM.EXE, date 12 July 1981, 67584 bytes, MD5=0C68BDE13BF46F813B41FC5B19ED56D8, SHA1=0C68BDE13BF46F813B41FC5B19ED56D8. Memory threshold that triggers the bug : slightly > 578448 bytes of consecutive free DOS memory.
- ASM.EXE, date 12 July 1981, 52736 bytes, MD5=671562CB253977E074766843CA5C0024, SHA1=472F524F19EA953931C16AB214A5BC7F3AF9D7D1. Threshold : 566784 bytes.
- CREF.EXE, date 10 May 1981, 13825 bytes, MD5=9D7C17FA6DF6698524B78BD793E19B18, SHA1=C70ABB8A702C4DE1F67C6A94BE7CE4AF3E4C5288. Threshold : 533344 bytes.
patched by changing a single byte of code. We choose not to do this automatically, because we do not want patched files to become more widely available than genuine historic files. If someone does patch a file, he should rename it so that it becomes obvious that this is no more the genuine EXE file, and he should conscientiously keep the original file with the new one and with an information text stating the patching.
To be published soon...